Some states have Civic Confinement laws, which allow very-high-risk sex offenders to be placed in secure facilities, "in many ways like prisons", where they are supposed to be offered treatment and regularly reevaluated for possible release. A bill to create a publicly accessible registry for domestic violence offenders passed the Texas House of Representatives in , but was not voted on in the Texas Senate. Megan's Law Resources by State - A list with links to each state's sex offender registry website. If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. Civil right groups,   law reform activists,    academics,   some child safety advocates,       politicians  and law enforcement officials  think that current laws often target the wrong people, swaying attention away from high-risk sex offenders, while severely impacting lives of all registrants,     and their families,   attempting to re-integrate to society. In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure. It will also include individuals who have been granted name suppression.
Sex offender registries in the United States consist of federal and state level systems designed to collect information of convicted sex offenders for law enforcement and public notification purposes. Some sex offenders may come to view their central identity as being that of a sex offender due to the registry, and the more a sex offender views themselves as being a criminal the more likely they are to reoffend. It records the details of anyone convicted of a sexual offence against a child or a mentally disabled person. These restrictions may apply even if an offense may appear less serious than others, such as statutory rape between an adult and a consenting minor who are close in age or a minor texting nude pictures of himself or herself. For example, residency restrictions will make it harder for a sex offender's spouse and children, not just a sex offender themselves, to find housing. In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction. Florida requires all felons, regardless of the crime, to register with law enforcement for 5 years after release, although the Florida felon registry is not available to the general public. Facebook and Instagram prohibit any convicted sex offender from accessing or contributing to their websites. Chemical and Surgical Castration - Some states allow drug treatments to lower a convict's sex drive, and at least one state permits the surgical castration of sex offenders. Charged with a Sex Offense? Next Steps Contact a qualified criminal lawyer to make sure your rights are protected. More than half of the children of sex offenders say that fellow students treat them worse due to a parent's RSO status. Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Montana all have publicly accessible registries for those convicted of murder. Some states scientifically evaluate the future risk of the offender and hide low-risk offenders from public. Restrictions On Sex Offenders Defendants who are convicted of a sex crime often face lifelong restrictions, either in the form of registration requirements or preventive measures taken by the state to stop them from committing future crimes. Other countries do not make sex offender information public, unless the risk assessment has been conducted and the offender has been determined to pose a high risk of re-offending. New Zealand[ edit ] The New Zealand government has plans to introduce a sex offenders register by the end of However political lobby group the Sensible Sentencing Trust has criticised the proposed register for its lack of public access. In practice, most states with Civil Commitment centers rarely release anyone. Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period. Sex offenders who have completed probation or parole may also be subject to restrictions above and beyond those of most felons. The Human Rights Watch organization criticized these laws in a page report published in ,  and in another report in A majority of states apply systems based on conviction offenses only, where sex offender registration is mandatory if person pleads or is found guilty of violating any of the listed offenses. A study found no evidence that New York's registry or notification laws reduced sexual offenses by rapists, child molesters, sexual recidivists, or first-time sex offenders. Community Notification Laws Megan's Law - Every state must provide information about the location of individuals convicted of sex offenses. Application to offenses other than felony sexual offenses[ edit ] Sex offender registration has been applied to crimes other than rape, child molestation, and child pornography offenses and is sometimes applied to certain non-sexual offenses.
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